Population Explosion in India

Can We Blame Our Divisive Political Culture For The Population Explosion in India?

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Recently our planet earth’s human population touched 7 billion world marks and our India’s contribution to the same is no less significant. Yes, our country’s population at 1.2 billion does pack a heavy punch with its contribution of about 17 percent. And mind you, our population growth is not slowing down, at least not in near foreseeable future.

Is our huge population – an Asset or a Liability?

Although many intellectuals have tried to classify our country’s population, presently pegged at 1.2 billion, as an “Asset”. But we humbly beg to differ with them. We believe that our country’s population growth has become an unmanageable “Liability” in the last couple of decades. This galloping population growth threatens to pull back our entire country quite a few notches down in terms of the social, economic, human development indicators, et al. The experts have cited the variety of social, cultural, economic and political reasons to explain the population-explosion phenomenon in our country.

Population Explosion in India
Population Explosion in India

India’s Population in 1947

350 million

India’s Population in 2001

1.02 billion

India’s Population in 2011

1.21 billion

It got us thinking, why India is experiencing Population Explosion and why can’t our country successfully control its mushrooming population?

So we decided to take a look into the prevalent political-culture of our country and try to link it to the India’s population explosion. Somehow our country’s high population growth trajectory is directly linked to the divisive political mindset that many of our short-sighted politicians gleefully play regardless of its devastating impact on our country’s society and economy. As we believe that one of the principal reasons are short-sighted and divisive minded leaders who act as a catalyst for population growth across the country.

Divide and Rule Mantra

In our history lessons, we have learnt that time and again policy of “Divide and Rule” was applied to gain the political power by the invaders and colonial rulers at different point of time in our country long and much cherished historical past dating back to more than thousands of years. Even British Colonial Rulers used population census exercise to highlight the division in our Indian Society to a telling effect.

After India’s independence in 1947, we see that many of our Political and Other Leaders have / had used the same old formula of “Divide and Rule” to win the seat of power. Many of our leaders simply picked up the divisive-thread from where the colonial rulers have left and went about pitting one group of voters against another group of voters.

In fact the heterogeneous and mind-boggling diverse country like ours proved to be the perfect hunting ground for many of these narrow-minded politicians of our country. Though, the part of the blame for the continued indulgence in divisive politics in the 21st century also lies with the devoted followers of such types of Leaders. Who consciously and unconsciously take part in macro and micro division of our gigantic voting population in clearly identified groups; based off-course on region, language, religion, caste, tribe, creed, sub-castes, and so on and so forth.

In fact there is no end to the divisive formula that our ingenious Leaders (some intellectual commentators call them new-age social-engineers) do come up with to win the democratic elections and then to stay glued to their seat of power with the active or passive help from divisive agenda.

But, we can’t really blame some of our Political-Leaders alone for promoting this divisive mess, fostering the sense of dirty-competition among the citizens. When even some of our, Religious or Castes or Sub-castes or Tribes or Linguistic Leaders actively indulge in similar activities.

Each of these leaders tries to foster animosity towards the so-called “others”. Thereby keep their blind followers always under their thumb by using “fear of others” as a weapon. Mind you, it is fairly good time-tested tactics to keep their “flock” together and under their command.

How do these Divisive Minded Leaders operate?

  • Their success mantra is to divide our denizens into an identifiable community of different and competing groups, preferably living in isolation or else maintaining a well-defined emotional and physical distance among these social groups.
  • They strongly believe in creating atmosphere of insecurity, distrust and disharmony among the followers of their group and the followers of other groups. Their mission is accomplished when the individuals belonging to these different groups began disliking or even hating each other.
  • Then these leaders successfully push and work towards the achievement of their own narrowly defined goals of their groups.
  • Lastly, to further the cause of their nefarious agenda of ‘first dividing people and then ruling people’, these leaders might ask their followers to indulge in violence to assert their dominance over the other competing group (s) in our democratic-political space.

What is happening in our Jharkhand State?

Our Jharkhand does not live in isolation and the extensive migrations of people from other states have also muddied its political culture. So in Jharkhand too, we have seen the divisive politics being perpetuated by the leaders of various hues,


Population in 2011

Population Density per square kilometre

1 Uttar Pradesh



2 Bihar



3 West Bengal



4 Madhya Pradesh



5 Orissa



6 Chhattisgarh



7 Jharkhand



Please note: We have only shown the neighbouring states, however the migration of people continues from other parts too.

Jharkhand state is no-more or should we say no-less than the other parts of our country when it comes to divisive politics. So for the benefit of Political or Religious or Caste or Community or any other Leaders our state’s population is divided into various identifiable categories, namely,

  • Insiders {Adivasi (Aboriginal) and Moolvasi (Locals)} vs. Outsiders {derisively called the Dikku-which roughly means exploiters}
  • All major Religious Groups, viz., Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Sarna Dharam (or Adi Dharam), etc.
  • Not to forget the further division of Jharkhandi population in different Castes, Sub-castes, Tribes and Sub-tribes of the state.
  • Now we can add on-going partition along the Linguistic lines of our state’s population to the list.

With each passing day, we have seen many of leaders or aspiring leaders (wannabe) use the above mentioned modus-operandi to divide people. No doubt, we have seen the new and fresh criteria of division being defined and applied in real life for the benefit of these so-called leaders, done all in the name of narrow-minded divisive politics of the worst kind.

For instance, in the hushed and not-so-hushed voices, we have heard many times variety of Leaders, Political or Otherwise exhorting their followers (of respective domiciles, religions, castes, tribes, language, regions, etc.) to either maintain or boost their numerical strengths, so that they can control the sizable proportion of ‘votes’ in a democratic elections and have final say in the formation of government. The Government consisting of their ‘narrow-minded leaders’ who would then continue to pursue their ‘narrow-minded agenda’ and this cycle continues.

The disease of “Divide and Rule” has only spread in last few decades and only worsened. Needless to say, we think our Political Culture need to change so as to control the ongoing population explosion around the country. Or else soon we will overtake China and reclaim the top honour of being the number one country in the world, of you know what-“India”–the most populous country in the world.

Team Focus

Team Focus

We are bunch of commoners and our bloggers' e-magazine focuses on the AlterNative Voices from Jharkhand, India.
Team Focus
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We are bunch of commoners and our bloggers' e-magazine focuses on the AlterNative Voices from Jharkhand, India.


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