Last year, when Team Anna’s anti-corruption movement was in full flow in Delhi; we wondered aloud whether Team Anna could / would / should visit our state to launch the state-wide popular anti-corruption movement.
1. Corruption Instances In Mines and Minerals
Jharkhand is home to incredible range of minerals, the list of minerals with their ranking in the country within bracket are, viz., Iron ore (1st), Coal (3rd), Copper Ore (1st), Mica (1st), Bauxite (3rd), Manganese, Limestone, China Clay, Fire Clay, Graphite (8th), Kainite (1st), Chromites (2nd), Asbestos (1st), Thorium (3rd), Sillimanite, Uranium (1st), Gold (6th), Silver, etc. In short, Jharkhand contains 40% of India’s mineral reserves.
But large scale illegal mining and other corrupt practices in mining of our precious minerals; more so in the cases of the mining of Iron ore and Coal, the wide-spread corruptions have cheated the Government Authorities of the rightful exchequers earned through payment of royalty on the mining of the same by the legal miners.
2. High Level Of Corruption Instances In Land Grabbing Cases
Gandhi Ji stated that India lives in its villages; same is true for Jharkhand, where almost 80% of its people are farmers and most of them live in the rural hinterland. But after the creation of Jharkhand State, we have seen very large instances of land-grabbing in almost all parts of the state. But the instances of land grabbing are higher in the urabn areas, where influx of population from neighbouring / other states is on higher side.
Deoghar Land Sacm is currently being investigated by CBI, similarly the Government should initiate similar scams in Ranchi, Giridih, Dumka, etc. It has been alleged that in such land scams, right from Peons / Clerks / Officials of State Government Departments to the Businesspeople to the Powerful Politicians are involved.
The large scale land grabbing goes on unabated in Jharkhand, this is despite the transfer of land is restricted because of the Chota Nagpur Tenancy Act (CNT) and Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act (SPT), even though many areas of state come under Fifth Schedule and the provisions / bodies like Panchayats Extension To Schedule Areas (PESA) Act and Tribal Advisory Council (TAC) are there to protect the lands of local population.
3. Corruption In The Usual Sarkari Work and the Welfare Schemes
For the benefit of our readers, I have divided the State Government Departments into the following sub-groups:
|1||Agriculture, Forestry & Allied Services||Agriculture & Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Dairy, Fisheries, Co-operation, Water-resources, Forestry;||Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, National Horticulture Mission, Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana, Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya, Integrated Child & Development Schemes, Sarna jayanti Sahari Rojgar Yojana, Swarn Jayanti Gramin Rojgar Yojana, Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana, Gram Swalambi Yojana, Jawahar Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, MGNREGA, etc.|
|2||Industry||Industry, Mines & Geology, Information technology, Tourism;|
|3||Infrastructure||Energy, Railways, Civil Aviation, Roads & Bridges, Water Supply & Sanitation, Urban Development, Rural Development;|
|4||Social Welfare||Education, Health & family Welfare, Social Welfare, Human Securities, Sports & Youth Affairs.|
If one has to take a close look at the way the various departments of our State Government works on the above mentioned schemes and usual works, then it would be really difficult to pick out the State Government department that can loudly and proudly proclaim that they are not corrupt.
4. Mis-utilization Or Underutilization Of Sarkari Development Funds For Infrastructure Facilities
The demand for Power in Jharkhand is in excess of 1000 MW; whereas its regular supply is met by Patratu Thermal Power Station (P.T.P.S.–100 MW), Tenughat Vidyut Nigam Limited (T.V.N.L.-200 MW), Damodar valley Corporation (D.V.C.-400 MW) and rest is met by the central allocation. Consequently, our state continually suffers from the crisis of power-shortage. Even the long overdue unbundling and restructuring of Jharkhand State Electricity Board (J.S.E.B.) has not been done, as government inexplicably drags its feet on this issue; while other states have done commendable job in the restructuring of their electricity board.
The State Highways, Major District Roads and other roads are constructed and maintained by State Government’s Road Construction Department. Travelling on the roads of our state is bumpy to say the least; the visiting dignitaries from outside, CAG Reports and even our Jharkhand High Court has time-and-again asked the government authorities to improve the quality of roads. Similar stories get repeated in the development of other infrastructural facilities in Jharkhand.
5. Unholy Nexus Of Politicians-Businesspersons-Bureaucrats-Media-persons Emerges
Jharkhand and Jharkhandis are passing through a difficult phase, but this tough-phase gets compounded as we find that the same set of people with doubtful credentials continue to hold reins of power, either directly or indirectly. They use their nexus to hold on to power somehow, grant undue favours, look after each other’s interests (both personal & professional), and make some money in the process.
One only needs to checkout few of the local news-papers and watch the local Television News Channels, try to peek behind the scene, to connect the dots. You would also wonder as to,
- Why only few Political names are painted as villains, while names of many other Dirty Politicians are not mentioned at all in local media?
- Why some business-people (whose rise is questionable) with their ill-gotten money hog all the media limelight by sponsoring events?
- Why in the Scam Cases involving Koda and his cabinet colleagues, the Bureaucrats have been given a clean chit?
We believe that as long as reins of power remain in the hands of corrupt people, there is very little hope for Jharkhand and its people.
It is time to think about the issues that we have raised here.
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